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Wig Terms - Understanding the many features of wigs and hairpieces

Monofilament/Mono-Top Wig: A Monofilament-Mono Top Wigs refers to fine, breathable nylon or silk mesh with hairs individually hand-knotted into the mesh. It allows the hair to fall naturally, giving it more versatility in styling. It is recommended for hair loss patients, and allows comfort and excellent ventilation.

 
Multidirectional: Higher quality skin top wigs which can be combed or parted in any direction, much like your own hair. It allows you to change the part to right, left or center as desired by wearer.
  
 
Open Ear Tabs: Flexible material at the ears which allow you to adjust and contour the wig to your face around the temple area.
  
 
Pre-Styled Wig: The wig has been pre-cut, shaped by the manufacturer. 
 

Ready-To-Wear Wig: Refers to a wig or hairpiece that is pre-styled. What you see is what you get. 
 

Petite Wig: Refer to wig with a smaller base cap size, designed to fit those with a smaller head size from 20" - 21" in circumference.
 

Remi/Remy Human Hair:   Refers to human hair (usually Indian in origin) which has been harvested from root to end with the cuticle all going in the same direction. It can be colored of permed and is soft and silky. It is used from making higher quality wigs, hair extensions and hairpieces.
  
 
Synthetic Fiber: There are three types of synthetic fiber used to manufacture wigs, which are polyester, acrylic, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). They are not resistant to heat or styling products, and are available in many different lengths and styles.
  
 
European Hair: European hair is differentiated by genetics rather than geography. It actually refers to Caucasion hair. The structure of of European hair is flatter and smoother, so it is softer and more desirable. Because it is less plentiful it is more expensive.
  
 
Hairpieces: Hairpieces are worn in place of growing hair. They are partial pieces or add-ons used to create additional volume or length to existing hair.
  
 
Human Hair Blend: A combination of human hair and synthetic fiber. The synthetic fiber tends to hold it's shape after washing and the human hair looks natural and is more durable. The combination gives the wig more versatility and flexibility in styling. It is usually used in 25%, 35%, and 50% ratios to synthetic fibers.
  
 
Lace Front: Lace front wigs feature hand-tied hair fibers in a poly-silk mesh base at either the front of the wig, or from front to back, creating an undetectable and seamless hairline. Part them in any direction for the ultimate in styling versatility and realism in a wig. Perfect for those experiencing hair loss.
  
 
Velvet Front: A small piece of soft, velvety material inserted into the front of a wig to create a more comfortable fit at the hairline.
  
 
Virgin Hair: Human hair which is left in it's original state as harvested from the grower. It has not been permed, colored or chemically altered in any way. The cuticle goes in the same direction and is preserved to maximize it's special quality. Because harvesting the hair takes more time, it contributes to it's higher cost. In spite of it's higher cost, Virgin European hair wigs are high in demand. It comes in short, medium and long hair styles and is also used in hairpieces and hair extensions.
  
 
Skin Part: Refers to a strip of fabric, usually silk, along the part where the hair is threaded. It gives the appearance of the hair growing directly from the scalp. The part cannot be changed.
  
 
Skin Top: These wigs, sometimes referred to a having a Monofilament Top, have a piece of thin latex of polyurethane inserted into the top of the wig with hair implanted into it. It gives a realistic appearance of hair growing directly from the wearer's scalp.
  
 
Fall: A Fall is a partial wig most often used to add length to a style. There are three basic types: full falls, headband fall and hat falls. Full falls allow the wearer's own hair to show at the front and be blended into the hairpiece. Headband falls or 3/4 wigs, are worn with a headband to hide the wearer's hair in front. Hat falls, also know as 1/2 wigs, have a bare cap on top where the hair or wefts are attached.
  
 
Nape: The area at the back of the neck at the base of the skull where the bottom of the wig fits against the head.
  
 
Part: A break at the top in the hair where the hair on each side of the parted area takes the opposite direction. In the case of a skin or Mono Top, the hair may be parted all the way to the base and resemble a natural appearance of a scalp between the hairline.
  
 
Highlights: The process of using contrasting colors of hair to create a sunlit appearance. They may be light or heavy streaks blended throughout the entire wig or just at the front. Highlights are generally used less than a 50-50 porportion.
  
 
Frosted Color: A color effect that uses two contrasting colors in a 50%-50% equal ratio porportion to create a soft blended effect.
  
 
Professional Styling: Most wigs will require some cutting and styling to create the individual wearer's desired effect. A professional wig stylist who can help you achieve your look and teach you how to use various approved wig care products is preferred. Remember, you would be best to take off too little than too much as it will not grow back.
  
 
Capless:  A capless wig does not have the closed lace layer at crown and is open wefted at the back, sides and crown. It is the lightest weight cap you can purchase, and allows for excellent ventilation.
  
 
Cuticle: The cuticle is the outer layer of the hair follicle. It has three layers: a cuticle (the outer layer), a cortex(the middle layer containing keratin, moisture and melanin, which gives it it's color), and a medulla, which is the center of the hair shaft.
  
 
O'Solite: A wig cap construction that is cool, light-weight and secure. The fiber mix is new and feels as soft as real hair. It has enough body to keep it's memory and style.
  
 
Standard Cap: The most common and affordable cap design. The layers of hair are open wefted in the back and sides allowing for ventilation, and there is a closed lace layer at the crown. This type of cap most times gives the hair a natural lift at the crown for volume.
  
 
C-3 Construction: Cap construction using the 3 C's. Cool - lets your scalp breathe, Comfortable - constructed with new softer and lighter materials, Capless - so light-weight you will hardly know you are wearing it. Many Revlon Wigs are made using
C-3 construction.


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