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Wig Terms

CAP CONSTRUCTIONS

MONOFILAMENT-MONO TOP WIG - refers to fine breathable nylon or silk mesh with finely individual hand-knotted hair fiber knotted into the mesh. Designed to let the hair fall naturally, giving it more versatility in styling. A preferred choice for clients with hair loss and sensitive scalps often undergoing chemo cancer treatments, those with alopecia and those seeking simply the best and most realistic look.

LACE FRONT - lace front wigs feature hand-tied hair fiber in a thin poly mesh base strip, located at the front of the wig cap, or from front to back. Created to provide a seamless and transparent hairline that mimics your own. Today, most lacefronts are ready-to-wear, requiring no tapes or messy glues. They blend all skin tones and allow the wearer the option of greater styling. Achieve off the face styling for multi-directional looks.

HAND-TIED - individually 100% hand-tied hair fiber placed into the wig cap construction. This results in naturally placed directional hair, greater overall movement with the look of natural growth. For the most natural look and easy of styling, brush the hair in any direction you wish.

CAPLESS WIG - this wig cap does not contain a closed lace layer at the top crown, but instead features open wefts of hair at the back, sides and crown. By far the lightest weight cap you can purchase, they allow for excellent ventilation and comfort.

STANDARD WIG CAP - the most common and affordable cap design. Layers of hair wefts are used in creating a standard cap, with the result allowing excellent ventilation and lightweight comfort. These cap do have a closed lace layer at the top of crown, often used to create added lift and volume. 

SKIN PART - refers to a strip of fabric, usually silk, along the part where the hair is threaded. It gives the appearance of hair growing directly from the scalp. The part cannot be changed like a monofilament top can be.

SKIP TOP - this cap, sometimes referred to as a monofilament top, have a piece of thin latex of polyurethane inserted into the top of the wig with the hair implanted into it. It gives a more realistic appearance of hair growing directly from the wearer's scalp.


HAIR FIBERS

REMI-REMY HUMAN HAIR - refers to human hair (usually Indian in origin) which has been harvested from root to end with the cuticle al going in the same direction. It can be colored or permed and is soft and silky. The hair quality, or integrity has not been compromised and resists tangling like some other forms of human hair might. 

HUMAN HAIR WIG - pure human hair, harvested from donors to make a wig. It undergoes slight processing in lifting the original hair color to prepare it for new color deposit in reaching a given shade for a particular style. The benefits of human hair allow you to heat style, blow dry, curl, flat iron as you would your own hair to reach your desired look.

HUMAN HAIR BLEND - a combination of human hair and synthetic fiber. The synthetic hair tends to hold it's shape after washing and the human hair looks natural and is more durable. The combination gives the wig more versatility and flexibility in styling. It is usually used in 25%, 35% and 50% ratios to synthetic fibers.

SYNTHETIC FIBER - there are three types of synthetic fibers used to manufacture wigs, which are polyester, acrylic, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC.) They are not resistant to heat and styling products, therefore NO heat of any sort is to be used in attempting to style a synthetic wig.

HEAT-FRIENDLY SYNTHETIC FIBER - high heat resistant hair, also referred to as heat-friendly hair or HD fiber. The fiber is heat styleable at noted temperatures, generally at 270-300 degrees fahrenheit. Designed for the wearer who seeks some degree of control in day to day styling, but with the ease of care and cost effectiveness of not purchasing human hair.

EUROPEAN HAIR - differentiated by genetics rather than geography. It acutually refers to Caucasion hair. The structure of European hair is flatter and smoother, so it is softer and more desirable. Because it it less plentiful, it is more expensive.

VIRGIN HAIR - human hair left in it's original state as harvested from the grower. It has not been permed, colored or chemically altered in any way. The cuticle goes in the same direction and is preserved to maximize it's special quality. Because harvesting the hair takes more time, it contributes to it's higher cost. Virgin European human hair wigs are in high demand. It comes in short, medium and long hairstyles and is also used in extensions and hair pieces. 


WIG CAP SIZES

PETITE CAP - a wig cap designed with a smaller base cap size, designed to fit those with a smaller head size from 20 - 21 inches in circumference.

AVERAGE CAP - the most common size wig cap, most often the standard of size for wig wearers. The cap perimeter at inside measures approximately 21.5" - 22.5" in circumference.

PETITE-AVERAGE CAP - the in between size needed when in between petite and average sizes. Made for wearer's who can wear both sizes at times, however it also allows both head sizes more choices in styles they make without limitations. The cap size is 21" - 22" in overall circumference. 

AVERAGE-LARGE CAP -  designed to fit head sizes of 22.5" in circumference. The choice when average is not quite large enough and large is slightly too big.

LARGE CAP - measuring around the inside of cap perimeter of cap 22.5" - 23.5" for wearer's with larger head sizes. Made in both women's and men's styles.


MISCELLANEOUS

FALL - a fall is a partial wig most often used to add length to a style. There are three basic types, full falls, headband wigs and hat falls. Full falls allow the wearer's own hair to show at the front and be blended into the hairpiece. Headband falls or 3/4 wigs are worn with a headband to hide the wearer's hair in front. Hats falls, also know as 1/2 wigs, have a bare cap on top where the hair or wefts are attached. 

OPEN EAR TABS - flexible material at the ear tab temples which allow you to adjust and contour the wig to your face for a more custom fit and feel.

PRE-STYLED WIG - the wig has been pre-cut, shaped by the manufacturer. The hair holds it's directional pattern or flow of curls, straight or in between wavy styles. After washing a pre-styled wig, the style holds it's shape once air dried.

READY-TO-WEAR WIG - much the same as pre-styled, the wig or hairpiece arrives styled and requires little to no more than shake and wear finger styling.

C-3 CONSTRUCTION - wig cap construction's using C-3 are designed for cool comfort. Constructed of a softer and lighter materials than some other wig caps. Many Revlon brand wigs are made with a C-3 construction.

O'SOLITE CAP - designed and named specifically by Jon Renau. Cool, lightweight and secure, the hair fiber used feels as soft as real hair. It has enough body to keep it's memory and style.

VELVET FRONT - a small piece of soft, velvety material inserted into the front of a wig to create a more comfortable fit. 

NAPE - the area at the back of the neck at base of skull where the bottom of the wig fits against the head.

PART - a break at the top of the hair, where the hair would be parted. In the case of a skin or mono top, the hair might be parted all the way to the base and resemble a natural appearance of a scalp between the hairline.

HIGHLIGHTS - the process of using contrasting colors of hair to create a sunlit appearance. They may be light or heavy streaks blended throughout the entire wig, or just at the top. Highlights are generally used less than a 50-50 porportion.

FROSTED COLORS - a color effect that uses two contrasting colors in a 50%-50% equal ratio porportion to create a soft blended effect.

CUTICLE - the cuticle is the outer layer of the hair follicle. The hair follicle has three layers, cuticle (outer layer), a cortex (midde layer containing keratin, moisture and melanin, which gives it it's color, and a medulla, which is the center of the hair shaft.


HAIR PIECES

CLIP-IN'S - ranging from ponytails, claw clips, banana combs, spring action clips and more. These hairpieces are worn simply for fun, fashion or transitional periods while waiting for your own hair to grow. They are partial pieces, add on's used to create added length, color and volume.

HAIR WRAP - simply stated these pieces have a wrap around attachment, often consisting of an elastic with hair attached, or a wire mechanism that is bendable. The allow versatility in positioning the piece as you wish versus a stable setting or position often as a clip-on claw that is fixed.

TOP PIECE - designed for wearer's with hair loss or thinning hair. They add volume and coverage to problem areas quickly and easily. Generally applied with already attached snap toupee clips for a secure fit. Some degree of existing hair is required to attach to.

WIGLETS-FILLERS - used to add coverage and fill in problem areas of hair loss, of add more volume and texture. A wiglet or filler piece attaches in place with attached snap clips or by pull through system of open honeycomb wefts in combination with attachment clips.

HAIR EXTENSIONS - add length, volume and color with individual wefts or hair that ranges in lengths or widths. Extensions are made in synthetic, human hair and blended fibers, have toupee clips as attachment and are applied easily by you or a stylist versus professional application such as bonding.


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